Ives did everything before anyone did anything
Charles Ives did everything before anyone did anything: quater-tones, multiple simultaneous melodies, tonality, tonal chromaticism, non-tonal chromaticism (Symphony 4!!!), poly-rhythms, simultaneous tempos, editing works throughout his whole-life. Giving performer freedom of interpretation (improvisation) – Piano Sonata 2. Deep existential spiritualism – “The Unanswered Question”. Programmatic/multiple tonalities/ – “Central Park in the Dark”> Irony – “end of “Concord Sonata,” use of flute in piano work (and viola earlier for like 2 seconds!!!). Quoting – not due to lack of creativity but instead to embellish (read ‘improve’) familiar American diddies. Humor – final chord of “Symphony 2”; all his patriotic usage patriotic capitalist by day, uncompromising composer by night.
The King of Kings.